NO.235 What was not stated in The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism ・・・I will take over Max Weber's work


The behavioral purpose of an ascetic Protestant should be freed from the fear of the Predestination

The theme of the Epistle to the Romans is Predestination

Sociologist Naoki Komuro pointed out that the principle of Christianity is a predestination. Predestination is the theme of the New Testament Epistle to the Romans.

The New Testament prophesies that at the time of the final judgment, the majority of mankind will be determined to eternal death, and only a few will be determined to salvation.
In the letter to the Romans, it is written that the selection of eternal death and salvation for all humans was made by God before the creation of heaven and earth. Every person has already decided by God before the creation of heaven whether he or she is determined to be eternal death or salvation. This decision cannot be changed. Humans who are determined to be eternal death will not be salvated no matter how good they do.
And humans can never know the decisions made by God before this creation.

This is the Predestination.

This predestination was a tremendous fear for ascetic Protestants. Ascetic Protestants were dominated by the urge to seek release from the fear of this Predestination. The choice of action under the urge was the principle of action for ascetic Protestants.

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism describe the fear of the Ascetic Protestant Predestination.

Professional ethics of ascetic Protestants

About occupational ethics in Calvanism. Explanation of Naoki Komuro.
Calvin interpreted the Bible that engaging in professional labor was a command by God.
Humans must engage in professional labor. The purpose is to increase the glory of God. And engaging in vocational work has nothing to do with the person's salvation. This was Calvin's interpretation of the Bible.

By the way, the purpose of worshiping in the church on the Sabbath is to increase the glory of God. A person worshiping in church has nothing to do with his salvation.

Protestants in the era after Calvin tried to find evidence that they were stipulated for salvation in occupational labor. And it came to the next interpretation.
“If a person engaged in occupational labor can benefit from occupational labor, that person is stipulated in relief.”
And it was interpreted as follows. "To gain profit through vocational work is to realize the glory of God. The profit is God's, not his own. We must continue to make efforts to manage the profits earned through labor and gain greater profits. "

The pursuit of profits from occupational labor was ethically affirmed here.

A behavioral purpose in professional labor for ascetic Protestants was set. The ascetic Protestant was driven by the urge to seek release from the fear of the Predestination and acted to achieve this goal.

Ascetic Protestants no longer have any interest other than being freed from the fear of Predestination. The ascetic Protestants acted, above all others, to be free from the fear of Predestination.
Ascetic Protestants eliminated traditional social traditions and customs. These are the obstacles to the profit pursuit in occupational labor.

Max Weber pointed out, "The behavioral pattern has been radically changed only once in history." Prof. Naoki Komuro explained that.
"To rationally reconstruct the personality and behavior of a person for a specific purpose." This fundamental change in the behavioral pattern has only been realized in history.

The ascetic Protestants were rationally reconstructed for all their personalities and actions in order to fulfill their purpose, being governed by the deepest impulse to be free from the fear of Predestination.

This led to the industrial revolution and the rebuilding of the social structure on a global scale. A modern society was established throughout the world.
This is the only social revolution in history. Max Weber pointed out that Protestantism is the only revolutionary thought in history.

Why could an ascetic Protestant change the doctrine of Calvanism?

Calvin interprets the Bible that the predestination that God did before the creation of heaven and earth cannot be known to humans.
However, ascetic Protestants in later eras interpreted that God's predestination can be known by humans.
“To gain profits in occupational labor is the realization of God's glory, and it is evidence that those who have engaged in occupational labor are stipulated in salvation.”
The ascetic Protestants of the post-Calvin era interpreted that way. Interpreted that humans can know God's Predestination.

Max Weber doesn't seem to mention Protestantism as to why such changes in doctrine were possible. Maybe he didn't have enough time.

I think Max Weber would not have mentioned the Bible's interpretation.
Without biblical thought, the only revolutionary change in world affairs in history would have been impossible.

The Bible is a book based on the intelligence of a rare genius in history. There will be no doubt. Let me explain.
The best intellectuals of Western societies have made God's existence a major theme. "What is the god that drives my spirit so far with fear?" This should have been the greatest problem awareness of these people.
If these people came to prove the denial of God, Christianity would have ended.

I think Max Weber did not go into the interpretation of the Bible because of fear of Predestination.
He must have understood the Bible thought more deeply than anyone else.


Ascetic Protestants changed the doctrine of Calvanism. This may have been possible because ascetic Protestants have continued to try to interpret the Bible on their own.

The Bible account is true. However, there is always the possibility that humans will misinterpret the Bible. The doctrines of Calvin and Luther are also their personal interpretations of the Bible.

Ascetic Protestants must have been searching for hope in the Bible account, ruled by the urge to release the Predestination from fear.
Ascetic Protestants should have come up with a number of questions about the interpretations made by their predecessors.

Ascetic Protestants have continued to change the interpretations made by their predecessors.

Why do ascetic Protestants leave the economy to market principles?

At present, ascetic Protestants believe that the economy must be left to market principles. And it is the realization of God's glory that profits can be gained through occupational labor while the economy is left to market principles. And it is a proof that the person is stipulated for salvation. Ascetic Protestants have concluded that.
Let me explain.
The glory of God arises as a result of the progress of phenomena according to the laws of the universe. This is the conclusion that the ascetic Protestants have now obtained.

About miracles in Christianity. A miracle is something that never happens. A miracle is a phenomenon that negates the laws of the universe. The occurrence of miracles means that the laws of the universe have changed. God is the only one who can change the laws of the universe. Therefore, the occurrence of miracles is a proof that God's power worked.
However, the New Testament Gospel clearly states that humans are never given miracles.

The Japanese version of the Bible states that "Evil and unrighteous times seek signs. But besides Jonah's signs, they are never given."

All phenomena in the universe proceed according to the laws of the universe. What Christianity demands from humans is a scientific rationalist spirit.

God created heaven and earth to realize God's purpose. God's glory is realized as a result of the progress of phenomena according to the laws of the universe. God created heaven and earth like that.
All the results were all scheduled before the creation of heaven and earth. All phenomena in the universe proceed according to God's plan and fulfill God's purpose.

For an ascetic Protestant, entrusting the economy to market principles would be entrusting the economy to a phenomenon that follows the laws of the universe.
And in that state, gaining profits as a result of occupational labor is the realization of God's glory, and interprets that people engaged in occupational labor are proofs stipulated in salvation. I think.

Ascetic protestantism that does not presuppose Trinity is the ultimate revolutionary thought.

Not only Catholic but also the doctrines of Calvin and Luther are based on the Trinity theory.
But I think that ascetic Protestants who interpret the Bible on their own would question the Trinity theory.

The child (Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit belong to the category of God. However, the child (Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit do not know the plan of Heavenly Father. It is stated in the New Testament Gospel as the word of Jesus Christ.
Father, son and Holy Spirit are not completely identical.

On the premise of the Trinity, the New Testament account is God's ultimate will. Without the Trinity, the New Testament account is not God's final intention.

I will mention it on the assumption that it is not the Trinity.
Both Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit are only telling humans that they are allowed to know at that time.

Apocalypse of John. An angel showed a vision to the apostle John, suggesting what would happen in the future. God declares God's name when he tells human beings that he or she will be realized. For the glory of God.
The fact that the angel showed the future in the vision suggests that the content may not be the final will of God. I judge that it can be interpreted that way.

Given the Trinity theory, the fear of the Predestination is only hopeless. But ascetic Protestants interpret the Bible in an attempt to find hope.
Without the premise of the Trinity theory, it is possible to believe in the possibility of a new hope in the future.
Now humans are not allowed to know everything. The truth that man is supposed to know in the future may be sealed now.
One day, according to God's plan, the time may come when the seal of God's truth will be broken. In this regard, an ascetic Protestant can have hope.
When the seal of God's new truth is broken, the world may be governed by new laws.
The age of the old law is over and the age of the new law is beginning. This will be the ultimate revolutionary thought.

By the way, I think that the basis of Christian faith is to fear God. The people of Nineveh were afraid of God through Jonah's ministry. He was afraid of being punished by God and asked for forgiveness.
The people of the town of Nineveh did not perish because of Jonah's prophecy. To that end, he ridiculed Jonah. It seems that the hearts of the people of Nineveh were not clean. The people of Nineveh just feared God.

“The people of the town of Nineveh were justified because they repented in Jonah's ministry,” Jesus said.

An ascetic Protestant decides all actions for fear of God.
Is this a part of God's plan, or is he going to say, "Led by the invisible hand of God?"

Ascetic Protestants will believe this. Protestantism will continue to move the world. And it could happen that the world situation is radically changed.


Reference Article





This is a concept that summarizes multiple articles of the same theme of this Google Blogger blog.
This article corresponds to the detailed explanation of the following Hatena blog article.
This article was written specifically to analyze the behavior of ascetic brotestants.








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